The Essential Hamilton Abert Long - James Madison Defines Property

The following is from The National Gazette, March 29th, 1792 (emphasis Madison’s). Hamilton Abert Long mentions, in Your American Yardstick, “Please note, the term ‘excess of liberty’ refers to license” as used by Madison below:


“This term in its particular application means ‘that dominion which one man claims and exercises over the external things of the world, in exclusion of every other individual.’

“In its larger and juster meaning, it embraces every thing to which a man may attach a value and have a right; and which leaves to every one else the like advantage.

“In the former sense, a man’s land, or merchandize, or money is called his property.

“In the latter sense, a man has property in his opinions and the free communication of them.

“He has a property of peculiar value in his religious opinions, and in the profession and practice dictated by them.

“He has property very dear to him in the safety and liberty of his person.

“He has an equal property in the free use of his faculties and free choice of the objects on which to employ them.

“In a word, a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights.

“Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties or his possessions.

“Where there is an excess of liberty, the effect is the same, tho’ from an opposite cause.

“Government is instituted to protect property of every sort; as well that which lies in the various rights of individuals, as that which the term particularly expresses. This being the end [purpose]of government, that alone is a just government, which impartially secures to every man, whatever is his own.

“According to this standard of merit, the praise of affording a just security to property, should be sparingly bestowed on a government which, however scrupulously guarding the possessions of individuals, does not protect them in the enjoyment and communication of their opinions, in which they have an equal, and in the estimation of some, a more valuable property.

“More sparingly should this praise allowed to a government, where a man’s religious rights are violated by penalties, or fettered by tests, or taxed by a hierarchy. Conscience is the most sacred of all property; other property depending in part on positive law, the exercise of that, being a natural and inalienable right. To guard a man’s house as his castle, to pay public and enforce private debts with the most exact faith, can give no title to invade a man’s conscience which is more sacred than his castle, or to withold from it that debt of protection, for which the public faith is pledged, by the very nature and original conditions of the social pact.

“That is not a just government, nor is property secure under it, where the property which a man has in his personal safety and personal liberty, is violated by arbitrary seizures of one class of citizens for the service of the rest. A magistrate issuing warrants to a press gang, would be in his proper functions in Turkey or Indostan, under appellations proverbial of the most compleat despotism.

“That is not a just government, nor is property secure under it, where arbitrary restrictions, exemptions, and monopolies deny to party of its citizens that free use of their faculties, and free choice of their occupations, which not only constitute their property in the general sense of the word; but are the means of acquiring property strictly so called. What must be the spirit of legislation where a manufacturer of linen cloth is forbidden to bury his own child in a linen shroud, in order to favour his neighbor who manufactures woolen cloth; where the manufacturer and wearer of woolen cloth are again forbidden the economical use of buttons of that material, in favor of the manufacturer of buttons of other materials!

“A just security to property is not afforded by that government under which unequal taxes oppress one species of property and reward another species: where arbitrary taxes invade the domestic sanctuaries of the rich, and excessive taxes grind the faces of the poor; where the keenness and competitions of want are deemed an insufficient supr to labor, and taxes are again applied by an unfeeling policy, as another spur; in violation of that sacred property, which Heaven, in decreeing man to earn his bread by the sweat of his brow, kindly reserved to him, in the small repose that could be spared from the supply of his necessities.

“If there be a government then which prides itself on maintaining the inviolability of property; which provides that none shall be taken directly even for public use without indemnification to the owner, and yet directly violates the property which individuals have in their opinions, their religion, their persons, and their faculties; nay more, which indirectly violates their property, in their actual possessions, in the labor that acquires their daily subsistence, and in the hallowed remnant of time which out to relieve their fatigues and soothe their cares, the influence will have been anticipated, that such a government is not a pattern for the United States.

“If the United States means to obtain or deserve the full praise due to wise and just governments, they will equally respect the rights of property, and the property in rights: they will rival the government that most sacredly guards the former; and by repelling its example in violating the latter, will make themselves a pattern to that and all other governments”

I share this with you because America has so deeply lost track of the definition of our Freedom, an essential element being knowledge of the meaning of “property” as defined by Our Founders.

An article I recently posted on Resistnet lumping George Soros, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey together, received mixed comprehension of it. Some suggested it was griping about the wealthy in jealousy. Others were sure it was a Progressive article against capitalism because they see Gates and Soros as capitalist heroes.

It was all too obvious that these people harbor a resentment of the exposing of a common property of who they’d call hero, the Progressivism string to which these “heroes” lived by in achievement of their wealth. I was not allowed to comment by reply and expound on the fact these people were themselves claiming the Progressive property in their standing to defend those who afforded Obama’s election and continue to afford his destroying America.

We apparently are to ignore the perfect Progressive hypocrisy, after these Progressive billionaires used America, used us, in achieving the influence of their wealth property, for use just to destroy our nation from the foundation up. Sadly, instead, these people who stood in defense of the Progressive politburo, were left to hold on to their blindness, a blindness based on the “prove it” standard, that yet ignored the words of Warren Buffett, who has committed a portion of his wealth to the Gates Foundation, and, the Gates Foundation Trustee, Bill Gates Senior, who both call for higher taxes on the wealthy.

But it is better to disallow the actions of those who look through the eyes of Our Founders than to recognize our passion to help those who we know mean well, to understand how far they’ve let the Progressive property influence their mind, their world view, and capability to help restore our great nation. These people are a priceless illustration of how far our knowledge has deviated from the knowledge of Our Founders. There is one simple truth in this: We shall not get our country back until we know what the hell that means, what Our Founders meant in terms at the time, appears the very best starting point.

As we haven’t the time to waste on addressing some personal offenses of this nature, the fact remains these Progressive billionaires have “communicated” by their acts and deeds, their use of their wealth property to effectuate their Progressive opinion property.

So it is my earnest hope that Madison’s essay above will clear up the meaning of property as held in the minds, hearts, and very Souls, of the Founders of this nation, and that this will help us better understand what must be done, and how much we must pay attention to put no one on a pedestal. We must inherently know what to act on to return America to what she was intended, a nation where Man is over government based on God having deemed so from the moment of creation of each Individual and that inherent ability is what Our Founders can teach us.

It is time to realize our battle is American Freedom according to our germane American Philosophy versus some recent facet “nom de plum” of the ancient, yet simple, strategy of wealth-by-oppression brought about by a general/national government of omnipotent power. Today we know this as Progressivism, the very enemy to our Constitutional Republic and Individual Sovereign Freedom as under such a form of government we become subjects, chattel property, of government as our guardian, our life or its demise, at the pleasure of government as well--Government Run Healthcare anyone?

Thank you for reading,

Toddy Littman

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